You can plant culinary and medicinal herbs in the shade. Mother Earth Living writes that parsley, anise hyssop, lemon balm and shiso do well in partial shade and only need a couple of hours of direct sunlight per day.
HGTV lists additional herbs, commonly categorized as those to be grow in full-sun, that do well in partial shade: mint, chives, cilantro, tarragon, golden oregano (other oregano varieties need full sun), thyme, angelica, wild bergamot, and meadowsweet.
Ginseng does well in filtered or full-shade.
If your yard has trees, you can plant herbs that like full-shade under the trees. On the edge of the trees where plants may get a couple hours of sun, you can plant herbs that like filtered shade. Plants that tolerate partial shade can be planted farther away from trees and forests where they will get a few hours of bright sun each day.